Diabetes... Did You Know? Dr. Nooristani

Diabetes... Did You Know?

Diabetes... Did You Know?

Diabetes is a Leading Cause of Death in the World

While diabetes - and its complications - is the number 7 cause of death in the United States, it has a much higher mortality rate in the rest of the world. This is especially true in middle- to low-income countries, as these countries are often unable to access proper treatment for this condition.


Three Types of Diabetes

Diabetes has 3 types: Type 1, Type 2, and gestational. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which your body doesn’t produce insulin for itself at all, because the immune system is attacking the cells in the pancreas that create insulin. People with Type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day to be able to live. Type 2 diabetes is caused when the body can’t make enough insulin for the body, and is most common in individuals over the age of 45. The final type is gestational diabetes, which occurs only in women during pregnancy, and goes away after the baby is born. However, women who have had gestational diabetes are more at risk for Type 2 diabetes after they give birth. Over 420 million people in the world have some form of diabetes.


The Vast Majority of People with Diabetes have Type 2 Diabetes

About 90-95 percent of people with diabetes have Type 2, while about 5 percent have Type 1, and the remainder have gestational diabetes. 


Type 1 Diabetes is the Most Common in Young People

Type 1 diabetes usually develops early in life, and has been known previously as insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes. It’s most common in African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos.


Type 2 Diabetes is Preventable 

Type 1 diabetes usually develops early in life, and has been known previously as insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes. It’s most common in African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos.


Cases of Type 2 Diabetes Have Doubled in America in the past 20 years

The causes for this are the high and increasing rate of obesity in America. Also, a large percentage of the American population is advancing in age.


Diabetes Can Be Managed Well

People with diabetes can still live well in spite of their condition. In fact, the ways that they can stay well are not much different from the ways that everyone else does. Moderate regular exercise and weight loss or control can go a long way to helping minimize the symptoms of diabetes and the complications that can result from it. Also, those who discover early on that they have diabetes have a much better chance of being able to keep it under control.


Diabetes Meal Planning doesn't have to be Complicated

The main dietary restrictions a person with diabetes should practice are avoiding excess sugar, unhealthy fats (i.e. saturated and trans fats), sodium, and cholesterol. But this doesn’t have to be difficult. It is possible to eat healthily even on a tight budget. Watching your carb consumption, eating fiber-rich foods—like green vegetables and fresh fruits—and consuming lean meats and other healthy sources of protein can all help your body stay healthy while you deal with diabetes.


Diabetes is the main Cause of Blindness, Amputation, Kidney Failure, and Other Conditions

If diabetes is not managed well, it can get out of hand. It can lead to conditions like diabetic retinopathy, which affects your sight and can cause blindness. It can seriously harm your kidneys and can affect your oral health, as well. Uncontrolled diabetes can also lead to heart disease and stroke. It can also prevent your body from healing as quickly or being aware of the seriousness of an injury, and a slow-healing wound is more likely to become infected or become an ulcer, or open sore (particularly on the feet and legs). If the infection is not treated properly, it can become too severe and damaging. It can also spread to other parts of the body, which can cause the need for amputation.


Knowing Your Risk Level Can Help You Prepare For or Avoid Diabetes

Many people don’t even know they have diabetes. In fact, about a third of United States adults have prediabetes, a borderline-diabetic high blood sugar condition, but 90 percent of them don’t know it. People who smoke are also 30-40 percent more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes.


Diabetes doesn’t have to be scary, and it doesn’t have to run or ruin your life. 


Diabetes Health

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